Spring Turkey Season: Tips for Before, During and After the Hunt

Even though many of us are still experiencing winter, Punxsutawney Phil predicted and early spring and I know I'm definitely looking forward to it. Spring means longer days, warming temperatures and my favorite...turkey season! The most exciting time of the year! Hunters across the country are getting prepped to get back out into the woods after a couple months of down time, decked out in camo and ready to bag a big ol’ tom.

The thing about turkey hunting though, is that turkeys can be jerks. They have incredible vision. They are constantly paranoid. Hunting them is both fun and extremely frustrating. It can be going well, then immediately turn bad. But with all of that, it’s still my favorite hunting season.

Below are tips for spring turkey season that can help you bring home a gobbler, then enjoy him after the hunt!


Pre-Season Scouting

Scouting starts way before actual season starts. You have find the turkeys before you can harvest one. Whether you’re hunting public land or private, get out and pound the ground looking for sign. Scout food sources such as cut grain fields or areas with a lot of mast-bearing trees for tracks, droppings or signs of scratching.

Once you find sign, put out trail cameras to help gather more information such as what direction they are coming from and going to, what time of day they are visiting the area, how many turkeys are in the flock and whether you’ve got hens or toms.

Learn to Call

There are several different types of turkey calls, and everyone has a favorite. Try a few different types of calls and see what you’re comfortable with, then practice, practice, practice to learn not only the basics of the call, but how to make different sounds.

  • Push-button calls—These are the easiest to learn for a beginner hunter, since they require little effort or skill. They are great for making a variety of basic sounds. A major disadvantage: moisture can make them useless.

  • Box calls—These are also fairly easy to use and can make a wider variety of sounds than push-button calls. They are also great for long distance calling. But, since they are usually made of wood, moisture can be a problem. Additionally, these calls require two hands, which can be problematic while hunting.

  • Slate or Pot calls—Probably the most popular type of turkey call, slate or pot calls can be made from a variety of materials such as slate, ceramic or glass, and are paired with a striker usually made of wood or carbon. A huge advantage is that these calls can make pretty much any turkey sound if you practice. And depending on the materials, moisture won’t affect it. But they have disadvantages too: depending on the materials, moisture will affect it, and they require two hands.

  • Diaphragm or Mouth calls—Personally, I think these are the most difficult to learn, but they are the most convenient while hunting since they are hands free. They are weatherproof but can require some maintenance since the reeds can stick together and impact the ability to call. There are different calls for different sounds—so there are a lot of choices.

Practice Shooting

Whether you plan to hunt with a gun or bow, you need to prep prior to opening day. Turkeys have a small kill zone, so you have to make sure your shot is good, or you’ll likely lose a bird.


  • Shoot a couple of different brands of shells to see what has the best pattern for your gun. There’s no magic number of pellets for a kill, but you’ll definitely want your pattern centered around the head and neck and want multiple pellets to penetrate.

  • Determine how your gun patterns at different distances and with different chokes. I missed a turkey at 20 yards because I didn’t check my gun at this distance with the turkey choke. I figured out afterwards that at this distance, the pattern was about the size of a golf ball.


  • Study up on the best shot placement—base of the neck or body shot—and different shots at different angles.

  • If one is available, practice shooting a foam turkey target to get the right placement and size. If all you’ve got is your normal block-style or deer target, get a life-size paper turkey and attach to your normal target so you can get a better idea of placement.

  • Research different broad heads and determine what to use during season: guillotine, expandable or fixed blade. It comes down to personal preference, how they shoot in your bow and where you plan to aim.

  • And don’t forget to practice from your ground blind and in your camo if that’s how you’ll be hunting.


Find the Roost

Find out where the turkeys are roosting, and you’ll be in a better position to harvest a turkey. Head to the woods in the mid-to-late afternoon and wait for the birds to go to roost—if you’re close enough, you’ll be able to hear their wings beat as they fly up. You can do this in the pre-season too, but turkeys will likely move and won’t always roost in the same spot.

If you know where they’re roosting, get in before daylight and get set up to wait for them to fly down. Be careful not to get too close though. You’ll want to give them enough room to fly down, move around and get comfortable.

Camouflage Yourself

Turkeys have excellent vision, so concealment is key in turkey hunting. Depending on where you’re hunting—northern states, southern states, east coast or west—the terrain will be different. Northern and western areas may still have snow on the ground, and the trees and ground cover may not have budded out yet. While southern areas may be in complete ‘green up’ mode. Either way, find camo that works with the environment to provide a good concealment. If you’re hunting from a ground or box blind, consider wearing black since the inside of the blind will be dark.

Remember to cover your hands and face too. I prefer thinner layering-type gloves so that they aren’t bulky when calling or shooting. For face concealment, some people prefer face paint, others prefer a mask. Personally, I like a combo. I don’t like walking with a mask on because I find it hard to breathe. So, I put on face paint, then use either a full mask or neck gaiter and hat when sitting.

In addition to what you wear, make sure when you get settled into your spot, you’re out of the sunlight. Set up in a shady spot with the sun at your back, that way, the turkeys are looking into the sun if they’re looking in your direction.

Ignore the Rain

Spring usually means rain for a lot of areas. Fortunately, turkeys don’t mind the rain. It may make them sleep in, but they’ll come down eventually. Prepare to hunt from a ground blind, or make sure you have good rain gear. And consider the impact of rain on your calling too, as menti